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Mushrooms: Cortinarius orellanus

Mushrooms: Cortinarius orellanus



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Class: Basidiomyomycetes
Scientific name: Cortinarius orellanus Fr.
Synonym: Cortinarius rutilans Quélet
The Cortinari do not have a volva or ring, but a curtain that wraps the young individual, who then disappears, leaving slight traces on the stem.

Morphological characteristics

Hat: 3-9 cm, first hemispherical then open with a slight umbo, fleshy only in the center; covered with almost granular scales; orange-red to tawny-brown in color; thin, wavy margin, often with cracks, dry.
Gills: spaced, large, slightly running on the stem; yellowish to rusty red.
Stem: 4-8 cm x 0.5-1.3 cm, firm and full, yellow then yellow-rust. Yellow, clear, evanescent curtain.
Meat: yellow to reddish, rust under the cuticle of the hat. Slight root smell. Sweetish taste (be careful not to swallow).
spore: yellow, rusty in mass.

Cortinarius orellanus (photo www.grn.es)

Edibility, habitat and observations

Relationship with the surrounding plant environment: symbiote mushroom.
It is found especially in deciduous forests. Not widespread in Italy.
DEADLY POISONOUS: it usually acts several days after ingestion, causing very serious forms of toxic nephrosis, with an almost always fatal outcome.
Similar toxicity characteristics are attributed to Cortinarius speciosissimus and to other small and medium-sized Cortinari, of a bright red, brick red, yellowish gold color.


Video: Wikipedia Cortinarius rubellus (August 2022).