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Scientific name: Brusal tuber Vittadini
Vulgar name: Winter truffle
Carpoforo: 2-9 cm, globular, dark, black, with warts.
Gleba: initially white then blackish, marbled for the presence of a white net; characteristic smell (of nutmeg).
spore:dark brown, elliptical.
The shape also exists of the Tuber brumale moschatum Ferry, which differs from Brumale for its intense sweet aroma attributable to Muscat wine, with a spicy flavor, prefers cooler soils and matures in the February-March period.
Edibility, habitat and observations
Relationship with the surrounding plant environment: symbiote mushroom.
Underground, in broad-leaved woods (mycorrhogen fungus from oaks). Autumn winter.
Excellent edible, as an aromatic addition. Specialized dogs are used for research.
The black truffles are of less value than the Tuber magnatum (or Alba truffle), but are equally sought after. We remember, in addition to T. brumale, Tuber aestivum and T. melanosporum.
See Truffle Harvesting Regulations
Brusal tuber Vittadini (photo www.rabitti.eu)
Spores of Brusal tuber Vittad. (photo by Gabriella Di Massimo)
Brusal tuber Vittad. Form moschatum Ferry (photo by Gabriella Di Massimo)
Brusal tuber Vittad. Form moschatum Ferry left and Brusal tuber right (photo G. Di Massimo)