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National Park of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines - Emilia-Romagna Tuscany

National Park of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines - Emilia-Romagna Tuscany


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Type of protected area - Where it is located

Typology: National Park; established with D.P.R. May 21, 2001.
Region: Emilia-Romagna, Tuscany
Provinces: Parma, Reggio Emilia, Lucca, Massa-Carrara

It is one of the last protected areas raised to the rank of a national park. It is located between Emilia-Romagna and Tuscany and occupies a total area of ​​22,300 hectares along the ridge of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines. Born from the fusion of some already existing protected areas (Parco del Gigante, Parco dei Cento Laghi, Parco dellOrecchiella), it houses some jewels of extraordinary beauty, such as the Holy Lake, the Pietra di Bismantova, the Triassic chalks of the Valle del Secchia, the Monte Prato (the highest in Tuscany with its 2,054 meters), Monte Cusna (2,121 m) and the Alpe di Succiso.

Pietra di Bismantova - Park of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines (photo www.parcotoscoemiliano.it)

Description

Perhaps the most interesting aspect of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennine Park is the great variety of geological formations, originating from the Upper Triassic (about 200,000 million years ago) to the Middle Miocene (17 million years ago). Such a wide geological range has left clear traces on the mountains and valleys of the park (chalks from the Triassic period, ophiolites from the Jurassic period, turbidites from the Cretaceous period, sandstones of different ages, gray limestones topped with ammonitic nodular limestones from the Jurassic period). The traces of the last ice age are evident: glacial cirques and moraine cords mark the boundaries of the ancient ice sheets, today occupied by peat bogs or marshy plains, such as those at the foot of Monte Alto, from which the Secchia was born.

Flora and fauna

The environments at higher altitudes host plant species, such as lerica baccinifera, herbaceous willow, alpine crotonella, which are real glacial relicts. Going down the valley sides, there are extensive beech forests and some interesting stations of white fir and spruce, such as the royal labetina of the Dolo Valley, in the Upper Appennino Reggiano, one of the most beautiful environments in the Park. upstream, alpine laburnums and bird's rowans mingle with beech trees, while lower down, chestnuts, downy oaks and Turkey oaks appear. On the Tuscan side there are large reforestations of conifers made between the sixties and seventies of the twentieth century.
The protection of this territory and the reintroduction of roe deer and deer favored the reappearance of the wolf. Wild boar and mouflon are also widespread, successfully introduced about thirty damage ago. Other mammals that populate the woods are the fox, the skunk, the marten and the weasel. There are many species of sedentary and migratory nesting birds. The ridge passes are in fact transit routes for birds of prey, ciconiformes, wood pigeons and thrushes.

Hundred Lakes Park - Park of the Tuscan-Emilian Apennines (photo www.parcotoscoemiliano.it)

Tuscan-Emilian Apennine National Park (photo www.parcotoscoemiliano.it)

Information for the visit

The dense network of roads that connects different regions, the recently restored paths and the presence of services and facilities for tourism allow visitors to discover the extraordinary beauty of this Park, its intact and wild landscapes and its ecosystems of great interest scientific.
On the Tuscan side, Giuncugnano, with its strong agricultural tradition, San Romano, dominated by the imposing Fortress of the Verrucole, and Villa Collemandina, with the Botanical Garden of the Pania del Corfino, offer interesting opportunities to stay. One of the most significant areas from a naturalistic point of view is that represented by the Orecchiella, Lamarossa and Pania del Corfino Nature Reserves. Here the State Forestry Corps, in order to carry out constant environmental education work, has created educational and accommodation facilities such as the Gaia Didactic-Residential Center, the Naturalistic Museum of the Visitor Center, the Casa dei Rapaci, the Giardino dei Fiori di mOntagna and wildlife areas where bears, roe deer, mouflons and black grouse can be observed.

Contacts:

Tuscan-Emilian Apennine National Park
Via Comunale, 23
54010 Sassalbo di Fivizzano (MS)
Tel. 0585-947200 / 1
Fax 0585-948060

Piazza I ° maggio, 3
42032 Cervarezza Terme di Busana (RE)
Tel. 0522-890111
Fax 0522-890721
e-mail: [email protected]
Website: www.parcoappennino.it


Video: Agritourism resort near Florence for sale. Tuscany, Italy - Ref. 3540 (July 2022).


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