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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics
Ancient breed of Mediterranean type endemic to the Neapolitan territory, where especially in coastal areas, it found its maximum diffusion so much that it was often an exchange commodity between port traders; it was also known with the nickname of "Monnezzara hen" (vallin munnzzar "in the Neapolitan dialect) for the peasants' habit of feeding it with the food remains that were given to it or that it sought and found itself being characteristically very wandering.
Described in numerous Italian and foreign poultry texts from the end of the 19th century, where their liveliness, short tarsi and the possibility of being used to create meat hybrids by crossing it with other breeds are emphasized. In particular, in the "Second Worlds Poultry Congress and Exhibition" held in Barcelona on 18 and 19 March 1924, references are made to crosses with the Malines breed.
It is also present in numerous pictorial works ranging from 1600 to the early 1900s in which the specimens were represented with different liveries: wildflower, wild orange or totally white, however wild gold was to be considered the most widespread; these pictures show how this population of chickens was bred in promiscuity and not divided by color.
Recently it was also mentioned in the work of the Veterinary Doctor Dr. Alessio Zanon "Identification and genetic safeguarding of endangered poultry breeds" (2000 2001).
Since 2013, some inspections and sightings checks have led to the discovery of just under a dozen stocks, located in different nuclei found in various provinces of Campania. These searches have brought to the eye how the various breeders who kept them, often the elderly or shepherds, did not breed liveries in purity, but in promiscuity as they did in ancient times; the most common was the wild gold, but numerous were also wild orange, white and wildflower subjects. From those strains the recovery path of the Neapolitan started which today has a significant number of leaders and various admirers.
Neapolitan, on the left the wild orange rooster, in the center female wildflower, on the right female wild gold
Rustic and frugal breed, it is structurally robust and stocky, with short tarsi, medium laying, the babies at birth have a wild down jacket, both growth and feathers are slow when compared to other bell breeds.
Crest: simple, abundant, carried straight in the rooster, slightly bent to the side in laying hens;
Eyes: yellow orange;
Bargigli: well developed;
Orecchioni: white, tolerated if veined with red;
Trunk: short and robust;
Shoulders: wide, robust;
Wings: short, horizontal courses;
Belly: well developed;
Tarsi: yellow, short;
Tail: truncated, well marked with back corner angular tail, open in the rooster, more closed in the hens;
Colors: various, wild gold (the most selected and bred) wild orange, wildflower and white (very rare); especially those who have no hobby purposes, raise the various liveries in promiscuity
Size: medium small.
- Roosters 2.0 kg
- Hens 1.5 kg
Eggs: white cream, medium weight
Serious faults: legs too long, red mullet, tail carried too low
Neapolitan couple, wild gold coloring
Neapolitan breed hens (wildflower coloring on the left, wild gold on the right)
Neapolitan breed chick (wild gold coloring)
|Chickens - Atlas of breeds|
Various Authors - Edagricole
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