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Origin, diffusion and economic characteristics
Originally from Japan, where it is commonly bred. Characteristic for the presence of long tail feathers (exceptionally over eight meters) with continuous growth.
Breed bred for ornamental purposes and for display. To avoid damaging the very long feathers, the specimens destined for exhibitions are bred on special perches. When left free for a few hours, the feathers are rolled up and tied on the back. Chickens for reproduction are instead attached to the ground and the feathers, damaged or pounded by the legs, grow back shorter and thicker.
There are two varieties: one with a uniformly white coat and one with a saddled red coat.
Small, elongated head with pea crest.
Long neck with rich cape.
Long tail carried horizontally.
Medium length legs.
- Roosters 2.0 - 2.5 kg
- Hens 1.3 - 1.8 kg
White Yokohama breed hen (photo website)
Red saddled Yokohama hen (photo website)
Red saddled Yokohama breed rooster (photo website)
Breed standard - FIAV
I - GENERALITIES
Japan, the first subjects arrived in Europe in 1869.
Minimum weight g. 40
Shell color: brownish yellow.
II - TYPE AND ADDRESSES FOR THE SELECTION
Medium-sized, elegant chicken with a slight fighting style. Croup and tail full of long feathers. Medium height and slightly inclined habit.
III - STANDARD
General appearance and characteristics of the breed
Trunk: elongated, slightly inclined and narrowing towards the back. Very long and finely built.
Head: medium length, elongated, flat and not too wide.
Beak: medium length; yellow.
Eyes: orange-red iris.
Crest: small and bearing.
Bargigli: small, fine; bare red throat.
Face: small and red.
Mumps: small, red and well attached.
Neck: fine, straight with long and narrow lanceolate.
Shoulders: not too wide.
Back: long, not too wide. Croup with long and narrow plumage, descending almost to the ground.
Wings: medium length courses tightened to the body.
Tail: horizontal, just detected; long and wide helmsman, not very arched; the sickle-shaped and the coverts are very long and narrow. In the very long and narrow hen; the two large coverts must pass the helmsman and must have the shape of a saber at the tip; the narrow and long lateral coverts protrude widely from the tail and are curved downwards.
Chest: carried high, slightly rounded.
Legs: fine legs with sparse plumage. Medium length tarsi; very fine bone structure; fine flakes; Detective stories. Fingers of medium length, fine and well stretched.
Belly: little developed, almost hidden by the long lanceolate of the rump.
2 - WEIGHTS
ROOSTER: Kg. 2,0 - 2,5
HEN: Kg. 1,3 - 1,8
Body too tight; short tail, carried too high or with little plumage; back-tail line too inclined; crest too high, coarse or tilting.
3 - PLUMAGE
Conformation: well tightened to the body; very long and richly feathered cape, rump and helmsman.
IV - COLORS
WHITE WITH RED DRAWING
Head, cape and rump, remiges and creamy white tail. Red tracks in the upper part of the back allowed. Blood-red wing covers; you need to look for a cream-white drop-shaped design at the end of the large wing coverts (bands). Dark red breast and legs with small cream-white paillettes in the shape of a drop.
Creamy white background, salmon-red breast up to the legs supported with pure white paillette in the shape of drops, as clear as possible. Covering of the blood red wings with well-defined pear-shaped cream white pearls. Red tracks allowed on the upper part of the back.
Serious Defects: coverts of the wings too light, yellowish; absence of sequins in the chest and legs; white chest and legs; colored feathers in the cape and on the back; too many yellow reflections in the rooster.
GALLO and GALLINA
Creamy white, light yellowish reflections in the rooster allowed in the cape and on the rump.
Serious defects: pure white; feathers of other color; strong yellow highlights.