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Production specification - Roero DOCG
D. M. of 7 December 2004. OJ n. 301 of 24-12-2004
Production specification of the Controlled and Guaranteed Designation of Origin
Denomination and wines
1. The denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin "Roero" is reserved for wines that meet the conditions and requirements established by this production specification, for the following types, additional specifications or mentions:
- Red wine:
Roero Arneis sparkling wine.
1. The "Roero" denomination without any other specification is reserved for red wines made from grapes from vineyards
having the following ampelographic composition within the company: Nebbiolo grape variety from 95 to 98%; Arneis from 2 to 5%; moreover, grapes coming from non-aromatic red berried vines suitable for cultivation in the Piedmont region can join together or separately, up to a maximum of 3%.
The name "Roero" Arneis is reserved for white wine made from grapes from vineyards made up exclusively of the Arneis grape variety.
Grape production area
1. The grape production area includes all the territories of the "Roero" most suitable for guaranteeing the characteristics of the wines referred to in this production specification.
This area, in the province of Cuneo, includes the entire administrative territory of the municipality of: Canale, Corneliano dAlba, Piobesi dAlba, Vezza dAlba and in part that of the municipalities of: Baldissero dAlba, Castagnito, Castellinaldo, Govone, Guarene, Magliano Alfieri, Monta, Montaldo Roero, Monteu Roero, Monticello dAlba, Pocapaglia, Priocca, S. Vittoria dAlba, S. Stefano Roero, Sommariva Perno.
This area is thus delimited: starting from the intersection of the borders between the provinces of Asti and Cuneo and between the municipality of Priocca and Canale, the delimitation follows the provincial border between Cuneo and Asti to the north until the junction of the hamlet Gianoglio (altitude 350) in territory of Monta dAlba. It then enters the provincial road for casc. Sterlotti and on that for fraz. S. Vito which follows up to the graft with the Colle di Cadibona state road (state road n. 29).
The delimitation coincides with said state road up to the bridge over the Rio Rollandi, then following the current it reaches the confluence of the Rio Rollandi with the Rio Prasanino. It goes up the Rio Prasanino, reaches 303 and then 310; it follows the provincial road towards Madonna delle Grazie touching the altitude 315, 316 and 335 casc. Perona, Cade; then it runs north along the carriageway of the Rio Campetto which follows up to the intersection with the provincial Valle San Lorenzo-Santo Stefano Roero at an altitude of 313.
Go up the road to Santo Stefano Roero until you meet the road for casc. Beggioni that follows passing through casc. Molli (altitude 376) up to the Rio Prella. It descends said stream to reach and then go up the cart track that passes through the casc. Furinetti and Audano (381 meters) up to 336 meters. After passing the Roero provincial road, continue the Serramiana valley up to 360 meters. Take the road to the Canemorto valley (362 meters), which follows up to Baldissero (410 meters).
The boundary line to the west of Baldissero touches the 402 and 394 levels and, following the ridge, reaches the municipal border between Baldissero and Sommariva Perno at 417 meters which follows up to 402 meters.
From 402 meters, cross Villa di Sommariva, along Bocche dei Garbine and Bocche della Merla to reach 429 meters, on the municipal border between Pocapaglia and Sommariva Perno. Traverse said border and in a straight line it touches the elevations 422 and 408 and then reaches the Bocche della Ghia reaches S. Sebastiano (391 altitude). From here it continues along the municipal road of Pocapaglia, then turns left and, descending through the Rio della Meinina, meets and
along the Rio della Gera to the Alba-Bra railway; continues east for the aforementioned railway to the border between the municipalities of Monticello dAlba and Alba, near Piana Biglini.
From this point, the boundary runs north along the municipal boundaries between Monticello dAlba and Alba, Corneliano dAlba and Alba, Piobesi dAlba and Alba, Piobesi dAlba and Guarene, Corneliano dAlba and Guarene until it meets the provincial road Piobesi dAlba-Guarene.
From this point the delimitation goes up called provincialì reaching labyrinth of Guarene, crosses the concentric and enters the municipal road of S. Stefano passing for altitude 288, then it follows the local road Maso and the local road of Morrone for Ca del Rio (altitude 165 ) until you reach the provincial road for Castagnito; it goes down the provincial road until it meets the municipal road of S. Carlo della Serra; passing through altitude 214, take the S. Pietro municipal road to the hamlet of the hamlet. Moisa.
From this point the delimitation follows the municipal road of the Moisa to the west to merge onto the municipal road of S. Maria until near the church of S. Maria at an altitude of 196. From this point the delimitation follows the municipal road of the cemetery, it enters the road municipal Leschea passing through altitudes 200 and 193 to reach altitude 244 and meeting the provincial road Castellinaldo-Priocca-Magliano which it runs through passing altitude 269 in the vicinity of casc. Michele; it follows this road until it meets the provincial Magliano Alfieri-Priocca; from this point, follow the provincial road to Priocca to the north-east, passing through the hamlet. Bernardo fraz. Vittore up to 213 meters where it meets the provincial road n. 2 (ex 231): then it runs along the aforementioned provincial road n. 2 up to the crossroads with the Priocca-Govone provincial road that runs through the hamlet. Pietro and hamlet via Piana up to the cemetery of Govone. From here you enter the north-west for a short stretch on the municipal road of Craviano near 253 meters to enter the municipal road for Bricco Genepreto passing near S. Rocco-casc. Monte Bertolo to reach the Cuneo-Asti border. It runs to the west of the provincial border until its intersection with the municipal borders of Priocca and Canale.
Viticulture standards 1.
The environmental and cultivation conditions of the vineyards destined for the production of wines with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Roero" must be the traditional ones of the area and, in any case, suitable for giving the grapes and derived wines the specific quality characteristics.
2. In particular, the cultivation conditions of the vineyards must meet the requirements set out in the following points:
soils: clayey, calcareous, sandy and their possible combinations;
position: hilly, the grounds of the valley floor, flat, humid and not sufficiently sunny;
altitude: not higher than 400 meters above sea level;
exposure: suitable to ensure a suitable ripening of the grapes, but with the exclusion of the north side for the red wine with Docg «Roero»;
density of planting: those generally used according to the peculiar characteristics of the grapes and wines. The newly enrolled or replanted vineyards must be composed of a number of vines per hectare, calculated on the sixth plantation, not less than 3,500;
training systems and pruning systems: traditional ones
(training system: the espalier; pruning system: the traditional Guyot);
forcing practices: all forcing practices are prohibited.
3. The maximum yields of grapes per hectare of vineyards in specialized cultivation for the production of DOCG "Roero" wines and the minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of the relative grapes destined for winemaking must be respectively the following:
Roero; grape yield / hectare: 8 tons; natural minimum alcoholic strength by volume: 12.00%;
Roero Arneis: grape yield / hectare: 10 tons; minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume: 10.50%.
The maximum quantity of grapes allowed for the production of wines with the denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin «Roero» and the relative minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume of the relative grapes with additional mention «vineyard» followed by the relative toponym must be:
Roero; grape yield / hectare: 7.2 tons; natural minimum alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50%;
Roero Arneis; grape yield / hectare: 9 tons; minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume: 11.00%.
The controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Roero" and "Roero" Arneis can be accompanied by the mention "vineyard" provided that this vineyard has a planting age of at least 7 years. If the vineyard number is lower, the production of grapes per hectare is equal and equal:
in the third year:
Roero; grape yield / hectare: 4.3 tons; natural minimum alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50%;
Roero Arneis; grape yield / hectare: 5.4 tons; minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume: 11.00%.
in the fourth year:
Roero; grape yield / hectare: 5 tons; natural minimum alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50%;
Roero Arneis; grape yield / hectare: 6.3 tons; minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume: 11.00%.
in the fifth year:
Roero; grape yield / hectare: 5.8 tons; natural minimum alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50%;
Roero Arneis; grape yield / hectare: 7.2 tons; minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume: 11.00%.
in the sixth year:
Roero; grape yield / hectare: 6.5 tons; natural minimum alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50%;
Roero Arneis; grape yield / hectare: 8 tons; minimum natural alcoholic strength by volume: 11.00%.
In favorable years, the quantities of grapes obtained and to be destined for the production of wines with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Roero" must be reported within the limits indicated above provided that the overall production does not exceed 20% of the limits, without prejudice to the grape / wine yield limits for the quantities in question.
4. In the event of an unfavorable year, which makes it necessary, the Piedmont region fixes a yield lower than that provided for in this specification, also differentiated within the production area referred to in art. 3
5. The interested drivers who expect to obtain higher yields than those indicated by the Piedmont region, but not higher than those set by the previous point 3 must promptly, and in any case at least 5 days before the starting date of their harvest, report, by registered letter the bodies responsible for the control, competent for the territory, the starting date of the operations, the estimate of the higher yield, to allow the appropriate assessments by the same.
6. In the context of the maximum yield set in this article, the Piedmont region on the proposal of the Protection Consortium or the Inter-professional Council may set the maximum grape limits per hectare lower than those provided for in this specification in relation to the need to achieve a better balance of market. In this case, the provisions of paragraph 5 do not apply.
Rules for winemaking
1. The winemaking and eventual mandatory aging of the «Roero» wines must be carried out in the municipalities whose territory and in whole or in part included in the production area delimited in the previous art. 3.
However, taking into account traditional production situations and it is allowed that these operations are also carried out in the municipalities of Alba, Bra, Barbaresco, Barolo, Castiglione Falletto, Cherasco, Diano dAlba, Grinzane Cavour, La Morra, Monchiero, Monforte dAlba, Montelupo Albese, Neive, Novello, Roddi, Roddino, Serralunga dAlba, Sinio, Treiso, Verduno in the province of Cuneo.
2. And in the faculty of the Ministry of Agricultural and Forestry Policies, at the request of the companies concerned, to allow, for the purposes of the use of the denomination of controlled origin and
guaranteed "Roero" that the grapes produced in the production area referred to in art. 3, can be vinified in establishments located in the territories of the provinces of Cuneo, Asti and Alessandria provided that the said companies:
1) submit a reasoned request and accompanied by the opinion of the competent bodies;
2) demonstrate the traditional nature of these operations, subject to certification by the competent bodies.
3. The maximum yield of the grapes in finished wine must not exceed:
Roero: grape / wine yield: 70%, maximum wine production: 56 hl per hectare;
Roero Arneis: grape / wine yield: 70%, maximum wine production: 70 hl per hectare;
For the use of the term «vineyard», without prejudice to the maximum grape-wine percentage yield referred to in the paragraph above, the maximum wine production l / ha obtainable and determined on the basis of the grape yield kg / ha referred to in art. 4 point 3.
If for the «Roero» and «Roero» Arneis wines this yield exceeds the percentage indicated above, but not more than 75%, the surplus is not entitled to the denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin; beyond these percentage limits the right to the controlled and guaranteed designation of origin for the entire product lapses.
4. In winemaking and aging, the most rational technical criteria must be followed and the oenological practices suitable for giving the wine the best quality characteristics, including enrichment, according to the methods and limits recognized by current legislation.
5. The following wines must undergo an aging period:
Roero: 20 months of aging, of which 6 in wood, starting from 1st November of the year of grape harvest;
Roero Riserva: 32 months of aging, of which 6 in wood, starting from November 1st of the year of grape harvest.
For the following wines, the release for consumption is allowed only from the date for each of them indicated below:
Roero: 1st July of the second year following the grape harvest
Roero Riserva: 1st July of the third year following the grape harvest
6. For the sake of improvement, the addition, up to a maximum of 15%, of younger "Roero" red wine to older "Roero" red wine or vice versa is permitted, even if the compulsory aging period has not yet been completed.
For the purpose of improvement, the addition, up to a maximum of 15%, of the youngest «Roero» Arneis white wine to the older «Roero» Arneis white wine or vice versa is allowed.
7. The controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Roero" Arneis can be used to designate sparkling wine obtained with musts and wine that meet the conditions laid down in this specification, following the current legislative standards for the preparation of sparkling wines.
The sparkling wine production of the «Roero» Arneis wine must take place within the wine-making zone provided for by art. 5 of this production specification.
1. Wines with a denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin "Roero" or "Roero" reserve, when released for consumption, must meet the following characteristics:
color: ruby red or garnet;
smell: fruity, characteristic and with possible hints of wood;
flavor: dry, full-bodied, harmonious and possibly tannic;
natural minimum alcoholic strength by volume: 12.50% vol;
«Roero» with mention «vineyard»:
minimum total acidity: 4.5 g / l in tartaric acid;
minimum non-reducing extract: 22 g / l.
2. When the Rone Arneis controlled and guaranteed designation of origin wine is released for consumption, it must meet the following characteristics:
smell: delicate, fresh and with possible hints of wood;
flavor: elegant, harmonious and possibly tannic;
natural minimum alcoholic strength by volume: 11.00%; "Roero"
Arneis with mention «vineyard»: 11.00% vol;
minimum total acidity: 4.5 g / l in tartaric acid;
minimum non-reducing extract: 15 g / l.
3. The wine with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Roero" Arneis spumante, when released for consumption, must meet the following characteristics:
foam: fine and persistent;
color: more or less intense straw yellow;
smell: delicate, fruity, fresh, with possible hints that can remind yeast, bread crust and vanilla;
flavor: elegant and harmonious;
minimum total alcoholic strength by volume: 11.50% vol;
minimum total acidity: 5 g / l in tartaric acid;
minimum non-reducing extract: 15 g / l.
4. And in the faculty of the Ministry of Agricultural Policies - National Committee for the protection and enhancement of denominations of origin and typical geographical indications, by decree, modify the minimum limits indicated above for total acidity and non-reducing extract.
Labeling designation and presentation
1. In the designation and presentation of wines with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Roero", the addition of any qualification other than those provided for in this production specification is prohibited, including the adjectives extra, fine, natural, chosen, selected, old and similar.
2. In the designation and presentation of wines with controlled and guaranteed denomination of origin "Roero" and "Roero" Arneis, the use of indications referring to names or company names or private brands is allowed, provided they have no laudative meaning and are not misleading the consumer.
3. In the designation of the «Roero» and «Roero» Arneis wines, the denomination of controlled and guaranteed origin can be accompanied by the mention «vineyard» provided: the grapes come entirely from the same vineyard; this mention is written in the «Positive list» established by the body that holds the Register of vineyards of the denomination; those who, in the designation and presentation of «Roero» wines, intend to accompany the denomination of origin with the mention «vineyard» have carried out the vinification of the grapes and the bottling of the wine; the vinification of the grapes and the aging of the wine were carried out in separate containers and the mention "vineyard" followed by the toponym was reported in the denunciation of the grapes, in the registers and in the accompanying documents;
the term «vineyard» followed by its toponym is given in characters of a size equal to 50% or less, to the font used for the designation of origin.
4. In the designation and presentation of «Roero» wines, the indication of the year of production of the grapes is mandatory.
1. The bottles in which the «Roero» Docg wines are packaged for sale must be of traditional shape, with a capacity permitted by current laws, also in the 1.5 liter Magnum type, 30 liter Melchidezec with classic cork and bottle 0.187 liters.
2. Packaging in bottles that can mislead the consumer or that are such as to offend the prestige of the wine is prohibited.