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Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 2 - pinscher, schnauzer, molossoid and Swiss cattle dogs.
The Cane di Castro Laboreiro (Cao de Castro Laboreiro) undoubtedly has ancient origins. There are no certain documents of its history because there have been no detailed studies on its evolution. Its progenitors were probably Celtic dogs, from which the French, Spanish and Portuguese mountain breeds are derived. It originates from the village of Castro Laboreiro, from which it takes its name. Together with the "Dog of the Serra de Estrela" it is one of the oldest breeds of the Iberian Peninsula. Its diffusion is limited to the mountains of Penda and Suajo and to the rivers Mino and Lima. It is also found in the Province of Duro. Specimens are found up to altitudes of about 1400 m. Its diffusion area is concentrated in the northern regions of Portugal. The breed used in the management and custody of the herds.
The morphology of this breed is an aspect that many enthusiasts consider interesting because it is defined by its own Molossoide-Lupoide standard. Tending to straight. Vigorous dog, pleasant morphological structure. Shining coat. Noble habit, severe and harsh expression, mountainous rusticity. It barks in a characteristic, very loud way, starting with variable and generally severe tones and ending with prolonged high tones, similar to screams.
Attitude to frank hostility, without being combative. This breed is not as aggressive as the "Serra di Estrela dog". He is very determined and daring in facing predators and his natural enemies. It adapts very well to living together with the family. He is an affectionate companion. He can always be in contact with children. Excellent companion. Excellent working dog.
Castro Laboreiro dog (photo www.voschiens.com)
Castro Laboreiro dog (photo http://peneda-geres.naturlink.pt)
- males between 56 and 60 cm
- females between 52 and 57 cm.
Weight: from 30 to 40 kg for males; from 20 to 30 kg for females.
Trunk: ogival thorax, high, wide and regularly deep. Back horizontal and of regular length. Strong and wide kidneys. Lower line not very bulky and a little retracted.
Head and muzzle: regular in size, rather light and muscular. Stop little accentuated. Cranio-frontal region regularly developed and slightly salient. Frontal furrow almost nil. Rectilinear profile, little pronounced occipital crest. Long, strong muzzle, straight along its entire length. Well drawn mouth. Regular lips.
Truffle: well pronounced, straight and well open, always black.
Teeth: complete, white and strong. Jaws with powerful muscles.
Neck: straight and strong, short, of proportionate thickness, well attached to the trunk. Free of dewlap.
Ears: regular, not very thick, roughly triangular but rounded at the tip, hanging.
Eyes: oblique, in the same line as the orbits, almond-shaped, of medium size.
Limbs: the limbs of the 4 limbs are very correct. Well developed bone covered with powerful muscles. Forearms and pastures roughly cylindrical. Well developed joints and joint angles. Corners with regular openings. Well muscled thighs. Feet proportionate to size. Average obtuse tibio-tarsal angle.
Pace: rhythmic and casual movement. The limbs move parallel to the sagittal plane of the body. Preferably, he takes a normal step, but sometimes changes.
Tail: whole; hangs up to the hock. Long and thick, very hairy on the inside. It has the shape of a scimitar.
Hair: thick, resistant, hard to the touch, smooth, well in order, abundant on the whole surface of the body. About 5 cm long. Specimens with longer or shorter hair are rare.
Allowed colors: the various shades of wolf gray. The dark one is the most common. All three varieties, light, medium and dark, can appear on the same individual on various parts of the body. The preferred color is the so-called "mountain color", which is considered by shepherds as an ethnic characteristic.
Most common defects: prognathism, enognatism, very voluminous head, eyes of different sizes, defective ears in the hairline, congenital or acquired deafness, truffle other than black color, non-standard sizes, trumpet tail, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, albinism, spotty hair, incorrect movement .
curated by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it