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Origin, classification and history
F.C.I classification: Group 6 - hounds and dogs by blood trail.
The Maremmano Hound is a breed originating in the Maremma, probably selected from the end of the 1800s, not so much on the basis of its morphological characteristics, but rather on their skill, especially in barking while standing still. Very suitable for hunting wild boar, they do not give up either in the presence of large groups or particularly aggressive boars. It also fits well in hunting hare and other mammals. The breed was recently recognized by ENCI and is fairly common. Smaller than the Italian Hound, from which it also differs in the head, much less noble in color, which can be fawn, black and tan but also brindle, and also in the tail which is often cut.
ENCI Resolution No. 192 of 07/07/2003: Maremmano hound with short hair (fawn), with satin hair (black and tan), with satin hair (brindle) and with strong hair (fawn).
Medium sized dog. You cannot be called a beautiful dog: skill is the priority. Rustic appearance, mesomorphic with trunk in the rectangle, head with a fairly large skull.
Follow dog particularly suitable for hunting wild boar. Strong temperament, ringing and pleasant voice well differentiated in the various phases of the hunt. Hunting both alone and in moulting.
Strong-haired (fawn) and short-haired (fawn) Maremman hound (photo www.prosegugio.it)
Camilla, puppy of Segugio Maremmano (photo by Matteo Fabbri)
Italian shorthaired hound (photo www.segugistriani.it)
- males from 44 to 52 cm;
- females from 42 to 50 cm.
Weight: from 13 to 23 kg (13 kg minimum weight in females and 23 kg maximum weight in males).
Trunk: robust, whose length exceeds 1/10 the height of the withers, without losing harmony and balance. The withers are very low on the line of the back with close shoulder blades. The thorax is well developed in three dimensions, with rather circled ribs; the sternal line rises moderately towards the abdomen which is never retracted. Croup of right length and width.
Head and muzzle: brachycephalic, total length equal to 4/10 of the height of the withers; it must not have wrinkles; skin always well adherent to the surrounding tissues. The length of the muzzle is approximately 1/12 of the length of the skull. Slightly convex or straight nasal bridge. Thin and light lips, never hanging, with black margins. Eyes in semi-lateral position, slightly oval in shape with fairly dark iris, lively and attentive expression that shows intelligence, eyelid rhymes of black pigmentation. Ears with wide junction, inserted above the line of the eyes, flat and well fitting to the cheeks, triangular in shape.
Truffle: on the same line as the nasal barrel, with a wide margin and with well-open and large nostrils, always moist and fresh, black in color.
Teeth: white and regularly aligned, complete in development and number, closing of scissor incisors, pincer tolerated.
Neck: truncated cone, slightly shorter than the total length of the head, dry, with good musculature, without dewlap.
Skin: good texture and well-fitting in all parts of the body.
Limbs: forelegs with excellent long and dry muscles, shoulder free in movements and well oriented, elbows well adherent to the chest, forearm perpendicular to the ground. Oval-shaped foot, with well-compact toes with leathery sole, strong nails, preferably black. Hindquarters well angled and perfectly perpendicular with the tarsian region perpendicular to the ground. The foot is less oval than the front and with all the requirements of this. Muscular thigh. Spur tolerated. Loose and lively gait.
Upper line of the straight trunk.
Tail: can be amputated at just under half of its length. Well inserted at the level of the rump line. In long-tailed subjects it is gradually tapered towards the tip, never fringed. Anurans are tolerated.
Hair: the texture of the hair is presented in two varieties: the satin hair and the strong hair. In the smooth hair the texture is glassy, dense evenly distributed throughout the body, defenses not present or barely hinted, often found under the fur like some rough hairs placed on the muzzle and on the limbs from 1 to 1.5 cm. In the strong-haired variety, its length ranges from 3 to 4 cm, evenly distributed and rough to the touch.
Allowed colors: fawn from wash to washed out, black and tan and brindle. There may be the presence of white, placed on the right seats: on the four limbs, foot and Carpian and tarsian region, on the neck, star on the chest, list on the forehead and on the tip of the tail.
Most common defects: disqualification defects - enognatism and prognatism, concave nasal bridge, monorchidism, cryptorchidism, incomplete development of one or both testicles, color different from those indicated, strong depigmentation, mallet eye, brachiurism; elimination defects - height and weight higher or lower than expected, convergent cranio-facial axes.
Visit www.prosegugio.it - S.I.P.S. Italian Pro Hound Society Luigi Zacchetti
Atlas of dog breeds by Vinattieri Federico - www.difossombrone.it