Forest cultivation: Eucalyptus rostrato

Forest cultivation: Eucalyptus rostrato

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Classification, origin and diffusion

Division: Spermatophyta
Subdivision: Angiospermae
Class: Dicotyledones
Family: Blueberries

Leucalyptus rostrato is a plant native to temperate Australia. In Italy it was introduced and is widespread in the Mediterranean regions. It prefers loose and deep soils, above all sandy. Plant very resistant to dryness in the summer period.

Eucalyptus rostrato - Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. (Photo website)

Eucalyptus rostrato - Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. (website photo)

Eucalyptus rostrato - Eucalyptus camaldulensis Dehnh. (website photo)

General characteristics

Size and bearing
Up to 40-50 meters high, with expanded foliage, especially vertically.
Trunk and bark
Slender and erect trunk, smooth bark, greenish white that flakes off in darker deciduous plaques of various shapes.
Sickle-shaped, evergreen, sparsely aromatic lanceolate, up to 22 cm long and 1-1.5 cm wide.
Reproductive structures
The flowers (appearing in spring-summer) are yellowish, odorous, pedunculated, gathered in pedunculate umbrellas formed by 5-10 elements. The fruit is a 7-8 mm hemispherical pissidium, which opens at maturity for 4 valves; the seeds, numerous, are brown in color.


In Italy leucalyptus rostrato has been widely used in the south and in the islands. It is a fast growing, frugal species, used in reforestation of sand dunes, in the realization of windbreak belts, in road trees and in wood arboriculture. In the past it was thought that it could keep away the anopheles mosquito, a vector of malaria, thanks to the terpenes contained in the leaves. In reality, the anti-malarial effect was due to the drying up of the soil by the reforestation with eucalyptus. Eucalyptol, ethereal oil of medicinal use, can be extracted from the leaves.

Video: Smart Farming; EUCALYPTUS (June 2022).


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